Discuss greatest challenges in the use of psychoactive medications

Explain what you believe to be the greatest challenges in the use of psychoactive medications over the next several years. Support your statements with references and logical arguments.

We live in a society and culture where psychoactive drug use is becoming more and more common. According to Advokat, Comaty and Julien (2014) the use of psychotic drugs amongst adults grew 22% over a recent 9-year span with antipsychotic prescription drugs and adults using ADHD drugs being the largest increase for use (p. 592). In the generation of our children, mixed messages are being sent often times indicating that when life gets hard, using a substance to cope should be used. I think it will be very difficult trying to help individuals understand when using psychoactive drugs is acceptable and unacceptable. The legalization of marijuana indicates that individuals have different view-points. While for various reasons, some may feel that using marijuana is acceptable and others may not. Psychoactive drugs are also becoming easier to obtain, which makes it difficult to monitor and keep off the streets. In addition, more mental illnesses are being discovered and treatment options are often not successful. Mental illnesses are becoming more and more common amongst our youth and elderly alike. With mental illnesses becoming more prevalent, I feel that health care professionals may be having a difficult time diagnosing mental illnesses and understanding when prescribing medication is necessary. Therefore, policies and guidelines should be in place for individuals to follow. Advokat, Comaty and Julien (2014) state psychiatric professionals along with pharmaceutical companies are responsible for promoting drugs that are not effective or appropriate, causing mental illnesses to augment (p. 596). Since there is no “one size fits all”, professionals should strive to do their best professionally and ethically to correctly diagnose, follow proper policies and guidelines, and aim to implement successful treatment plans in order to benefit the health and well-being of patients.


Advokat, C. D., Comaty, J. E., & Julien, R. M. (2014). Julien’s primer of drug action: A comprehensive guide to the actions, uses, and side effects of psychoactive drugs (13th ed.). New York, NY: Worth Publishers.

Dolan, E. W. (2011, August 7). Antidepressant use increasing among those with no psychiatric diagnosis. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. The Raw Story. Retrieved from http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2011/08/07/antidepressant-use-increasing-among-those-with-no-psychiatric-diagnosis/

Gup, T. (2013, April 2). Diagnosis: Human (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/03/opinion/diagnosis-human.html?_r=2&

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