Drawing on Chapter 4 of Investigating Psychology, evaluate the relevance of behaviorist principles

Guideline: Drawing on Chapter 4 of Investigating Psychology, evaluate the relevance of behaviourist principles to human behavior. Emerging in contrast to psychodynamic psychology,

Drawing on Chapter 4 of Investigating Psychology, evaluate the relevance of behaviourist principles
Drawing on Chapter 4 of Investigating Psychology, evaluate the relevance of behaviourist principles to human behaviour.

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Emerging in contrast to psychodynamic psychology, behaviourism focuses on observable behaviour as a means to studying the human psyche.

The primary tenet of behaviourism is that psychology should concern itself with the observable behaviour of people and animals, not with unobservable events that take place in their minds.

The behaviourists criticized the mentalists for their inability to demonstrate empirical evidence to support their claims.

More so, the behaviourist school of thought maintains that behaviours can be describ ed scientifically

without recourse either to internal physiological events or to hypothetical constructs such as thoughts and beliefs,

making behaviour a more productive area of focus for understanding human or animal psychology.

The main influences of behaviourist psychology were Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), who investigated classical conditioning though often disagreeing with behaviourism or behaviourists;

Addiitonally, Edward Lee Thorndike (1874-1949), who introduced the concept of reinforcement and was the first to apply psychological principles to learning; John B. Watson (1878-1958),

who rejected introspective methods and sought to restrict psychology to experimental methods; and B.F. Skinner (1904-1990), who conducted research on operant conditioning.

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Biological psychologists are interested in measuring biological, physiological, or genetic variables in an attempt to relate them to psychological or behavioural variables. Because all behaviour is controlled by the central nervous system, biological psychologists seek to understand how the brain functions in order to understand behaviour. Key areas of focus include sensation and perception; motivated behaviour (such as hunger, thirst, and sex); control of movement; learning and memory; sleep and biological rhythms; and emotion. As technical sophistication leads to advancements in research methods, more advanced topics such as language, reasoning, decision making, and consciousness are now being studied.

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