Environmental science

Final Paper Outline

During Week Three, you will complete an outline of the final assignment. Refer to the complete instructions for the Final Paper, which can be found below or in the Components of Course Evaluation section of this guide.

The outline should be written in complete sentences and detailed enough to meaningfully address all sections that will be covered in your Final Paper. In addition, include a minimum of four scholarly sources (i.e. academic journal articles). The sources should directly support the development of content in the paper. Be sure to write everything in your own words and do not rely on direct quotes to develop content or express your ideas.

Outline of the Final Paper – Ecosystems and Community Structure

Must be four to six double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
Must include a separate title page with the following:
Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted
Include an introduction stating your selected aquatic or terrestrial ecosystem followed by an outline of topics that will be discussed.
Include an outline summarizing the main points discussed in the paper, with particular attention to ecosystem function and the future of your selected ecosystem.
Must reference at least four scholarly sources (i.e., academic journal articles) in addition to the course text.
Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Final Paper – Ecosystem and Community Structure

The final paper will combine the ecological concepts from the course under one analysis: ecosystem and community ecology. The overall objective is to understand how the biotic and abiotic factors influence the physical and biological structure of ecosystems and the communities within them. This knowledge is fundamental for developing effective policy and managing wildlife and habitats.

To begin the assignment, select one of the following ecosystems. Then, address the questions below. Analyzing ecological communities can be accomplished by taking apart all of the physical and biological pieces that make up an ecological community, and then relating them back to one another in order to understand how they interact to form a functioning system. Conclude the paper with an assessment of human impacts on your selected ecosystem and how this will affect the ecology and future adaptation capabilities of the species in your community. Reference your textbook and a minimum of six scholarly sources (i.e., academic journal research articles) to provide examples and evidence that support your main points.

Before beginning the assignment, be sure to read Chapters 16 through 18 carefully, and to learn more about specific ecosystems, review Chapters 23 through 25 in the course text (Smith & Smith, 2015).

Step 1: Choose one ecosystem to analyze.

· Coniferous temperate forest

· Freshwater wetlands

· Tropical rain forest

· Salt marsh

· Streams and rivers

· Broadleaf forest

· Mangrove forest

· Temperate or tropical savanna

· Lakes and ponds

· Shrublands

Step 2: Address the following points in your paper.

Describe the physical structure of the selected ecosystem, and explain how structural factors come together to create the ecosystem. The physical structure refers to the abiotic (non-living) components—such as temperature, precipitation, bedrock, soil type, riverbed or ocean floor, boulders, and topography—that make up your ecosystem.
Describe the biological structure of your selected ecosystem. Explain how living forms come together to shape your ecosystem. The biological structure is how the ecosystem is shaped by plants and animals, and it includes forest levels and coral reef structure. It also includes the overall level of diversity, species composition, and dominant plant and animal species with details about niche, height, size, density, and/or function.
Analyze the function of the selected ecosystem by indicating how the physical and biological structures are related to the ecosystem’s productivity (i.e., the amount of biomass produced), complexity of food webs, nutrient availability, and nutrient cycling.
Explain the process of succession in your selected ecosystem.
Describe one mutualistic interaction in your selected ecosystem. Explain the role that each species has in the interaction and the resulting mutual benefits to each species population. In other words, what does each species give and what does each one get in return.
Describe one predator-prey (or plant-herbivore) interaction. Explain how this interaction impacts the ecological community as a whole. Predict what would happen to the predator and prey populations (or, herbivore and plant) if either species were removed from the community.
Evaluate the magnitude of human impact on your ecosystem. This includes how humans are affecting the physical and biological structures in your ecosystem. Predict whether the species and their interactions presented in your paper will be able to adapt to these changes. For example, what would happen to pollinators in a plant-pollinator mutualism if plants are destroyed due to urbanization?

The Final Paper – Ecosystem and Community Structure

Must be 8 to 12 double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
Must include a separate title page with the following:
Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted
Include an introduction stating your selected aquatic or terrestrial ecosystem followed by an overview of topics that will be discussed.
Include a summary of the main points discussed in the paper, with particular attention to ecosystem function and the future of your selected ecosystem.
Must reference at least six scholarly sources (i.e., academic journal articles) in addition to the course text.
Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
ATTACHED IS THE GRADING RUBICS PLEASE REVIEW AND DOUBLE CHECK TO MAKE SURE ALL PARTS OF THE ASSIGNMENT IS MET. ATTACHED ARE THE CHAPTERS THAT WILL HELP WITH THE ASSIGNMENT. WHAT EVER TOPIC YOU CHOOSE WILL BE USED FOR THE FINAL PAPER. MUST HAVE FOUR (4) RESOURCES PLUS THE TEXT BOOK FOR A TOTAL OF FIVE (5) RESOURCES. AS SEEN ABOVE IS THE FINAL ASSIGNMENT ALONG WITH REQUIREMENTS FOR THE OUTLINE TO HELP GUIDE YOU. JUST NEED THE OUTLINE FOR THIS BUT BE PRRPARED FOR WHAT THE FINAL ASSIGNMENT WILL BE LOOKING FOR. MAKE SURE IT IS DONE ON TIME SO AS THERE WILL BE TIME IF A REVISION IS NEEDED.WHOM EVER DOES THIS WILL ALSO BE DOING THE FINAL PAPER.

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