Nurses Shortage

Nurses are an integral part of the healthcare sector. However, there has been an increase in nurses shortage that is threatening to affect service delivery in healthcare.

Nurses shortage is a current issue affecting the US and other countries globally.

The nurses’ shortage in the US is caused by numerous factors, such as recent healthcare legislation, a large number of nurses reaching the retirement age, and an increased need for healthcare (Haddad et al., 2020).

The average age rising in the US and other European nations increasing the demand for nurses. Most aged individuals have many comorbidities and diagnoses that require them to seek treatment frequently. Also, the workforce is aging, meaning that most nurses will retire in the near future, creating more scarcity.

Conti’

A report by World health statistics in 2018 indicated that there are about 29 million nurses globally, with about 3.9 million of them being from the United States (Hoseini-Esfidarjani & Negarandeh, 2017).

The world health organization had projected that about one million additional nurses would be needed globally by 2020.

Besides, the United States Labor Statistics Bureau projects that eleven million nurses will be required globally to avoid further shortages (Hoseini-Esfidarjani & Negarandeh, 2017).

PICOT question.

Can promoting career development help to solve the issue of nurses shortage globally by 2030 more effectively compared to offering incentives to aspiring nursing professionals?

I started by researching and studying my topic of interest to identify key points and gaps. I then listed all the elements of a PICOT question and identified what to include in every element as follows:

P (population or problem: nurses shortage

I (intervention): promoting career development

C (comparison): offering incentives

O (outcome): solve nurses shortage

T (time frame): before 2030

Research Databases Used

Walden University Library has numerous databases containing journals, books, and other literature for the various programs offered in the university. This research used some databases within the nursing field.

The first database used is CINAHL & MEDLINE Combined search. This database includes evidence-based practice reports, peer-reviewed articles, systematic reviews, and case studies.

The second database is CINAHL plus with full text. This database has a large collection of e-books and journals on many nursing and allied health topics.

The third database used in the research is the ProQuest nursing & allied health database. This database includes indexing and abstracts covering allied health, nursing, complementary and alternative medicine, and other related topics. This database also contains dissertations and can be an excellent source of grey literature.

The last database used in the research is PubMed. This database contains selected items from PubMed central, NCBI bookshelf, and NIH-funded research projects. Besides, the database includes the MEDLINE database.

Articles

Jarrar, M. T., Rahman, H. A., Minai, M. S., AbuMadini, M. S., & Larbi, M. (2018). The function of patient‐centered care in mitigating the effect of nursing shortage on the outcomes of care. The International journal of health planning and management, 33(2), e464-e473.

Marć, M., Bartosiewicz, A., Burzyńska, J., Chmiel, Z., & Januszewicz, P. (2019). A nursing shortage–a prospect of global and local policies. International nursing review, 66(1), 9-16.

Muabbar, H., & Alsharqi, O. (2021). The impact of short-term solutions of nursing shortage on nursing outcome, nurse perceived quality of care, and patient safety. American Journal of Nursing Research, 9(2), 35-44.

Snavely, T. M. (2016). A brief economic analysis of the looming nursing shortage in the United States. Nursing Economics, 34(2), 98-101.

Levels of Evidence

The first article’s evidence level is level V, that is, evidence from qualitative and descriptive studies systematic review. The study adopts a descriptive, cross-sectional research method to conduct analysis and draw conclusions.

The evidence level for the second article is level VII. The study uses evidence from strategic documents and national listings for nursing policy. Level VII of evidence uses evidence from reports of experts or authorities’ opinions.

The level of evidence used for the third article is level V. The study uses a cross-sectional research method to obtain data from a specific health facility.

The level of evidence for the fourth article is level VI. The article contains evidence derived from a single descriptive study aimed at analyzing the economic impact of the looming nurses’ shortage.

Strengths of Using Systematic Reviews for Clinical Research

In the systematic review, the clinical researchers synthesize all the available evidence or information on a particular topic or question. Therefore, the researchers are able to provide more accurate evidence that can be used to improve the quality of healthcare outcomes.

The technique that researchers use to find and select relevant studies reduces bias, hence producing more accurate and reliable conclusions.

The systematic reviews are also less costly to conduct compared to a new set of experiments and consume less time to complete.

Besides, systematic reviews enable researchers to identify research gaps in the current understanding of the clinical field or any other field of interest.

Lastly, systematic reviews can be applied to discover adequately answered questions by the available evidence; hence, further research is not required to answer them.

References

Jarrar, M. T., Rahman, H. A., Minai, M. S., AbuMadini, M. S., & Larbi, M. (2018). The function of patient‐centered care in mitigating the effect of nursing shortage on the outcomes of care. The International journal of health planning and management, 33(2), e464-e473.

Haddad, L. M., Annamaraju, P., & Toney-Butler, T. J. (2020). Nursing shortage. StatPearls [Internet].

Hoseini-Esfidarjani, S. S., & Negarandeh, R. (2017). A new view towards resolving the nursing shortage challenge. Journal of hayat, 23(3), 196-200.

Marć, M., Bartosiewicz, A., Burzyńska, J., Chmiel, Z., & Januszewicz, P. (2019). A nursing shortage–a prospect of global and local policies. International nursing review, 66(1), 9-16.

Muabbar, H., & Alsharqi, O. (2021). The impact of short-term solutions of nursing shortage on nursing outcome, nurse perceived quality of care, and patient safety. American Journal of Nursing Research, 9(2), 35-44.

Snavely, T. M. (2016). A brief economic analysis of the looming nursing shortage in the United States. Nursing Economics, 34(2), 98-101.

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