ProfessionalSafety

JULY 2012 www.asse.org

(Figure 2) is a one-page outline developed because of adverse occupational injury experience in work that was often unusual or one-of-a-kind, or that required extensive, complex maintenance.

It is relatively simple- in relation to other exam- ples posted, yet it was successfully applied for its ‘ purposes. In this case, safety professionals:

•prepared, the data necessary to convince man- agement and shop floor personnel to try the pro- posed system;

•reported that training was highly significant in achieving success;

•emphasized that work situations discussed in training were real to that organization;

•addressed productivity/efficiency and risk con- trol benefits in their proposal and during tiraining.

For whoever initiates an MOC system, the fol- lowing procedure will be of interest.

At. a location where the serious injury experi- ence was considered excessive for nonroutine work, safety professionals decided that some- thing had to be done about it. As they pre- pared a course of action and talked it up at all personnel levels, from top management down to the worker level, they encountered the usual negatives and push-back (e.g., it would be time consuming, workers would never buy into the program, supervisors would resist the change). The safety professionals considered the negatives as normal expressions of resis- tance to change.

Their program consisted of, in effect, in-

Figure 2

MOC Example 1 Alpha Corporation

Pre-Job Planning and Safety Analysis Outline

1) Review the work to be done. Consider both productivity and safety: a) Break the job down into manageable tasks. b) How is each task to be done? c) In what order are tasks to be done? d) What equipment or materials are needed? e) Are any particular skills required?

Clearly assign responsibilities. Who is to perform the pre-use of equipment tests? Will the work require: a hot work permit; a confmed entry permit, lockout/tagout (of what equipment or machinery), other? Will it be necessary to barricade for clear work zones? Will aerial lifts be required? What personal protective equipment will be needed? Will fall protection be required? What are the hazards in each task? Consider: •Access ‘Explosion •Chemicals ‘Fall Hazards •Conveyors ‘ •Fire • Dropping tools •Forklitl trucks •Dusts •Hot objects •Electricity •Machine guarding • Elevated loads •Moving equipment

10) Of the hazards identified, do any present severe risk of injury? 11) Develop hazard control measures, applying the Safety Decision Hierarchy.

• Eliminate hazards and risks through system and work methods design and redesign • Reduce risks by substituting less hazardous methods or materials • Incorporate safety devices (fixed guards, interlocks) • Provide waming systems •Apply administrative controls (work methods, training, etc.) •Provide personal protective equipment

12) Is any special contingency planning necessary (people, procedures)? 13) What communication devices will be needed (two-way, hand signals)? 14) Review and test the communication system to notify the emergency team (phone number, responsibilities). 15) What are the workers to do if the work doesn’t go as planned? 16) Considering all of the foregoing, are the risks acceptable? If not, what action should be taken?

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